HMS FMP regulatory framework

Changes to regulations pursuant to the FMP

YearEffective Date (Y/M/D)TitleCitation
202020/03/09Protected Species Hard Caps for the California/Oregon Large-Mesh Drift Gillnet Fishery85 FR 7246
201818/06/06Based on recommendations from the Pacific Fishery Management Council (Council), NMFS is issuing regulations under the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act (MSA) to implement Amendment 4 to the Fishery Management Plan for U.S. West Coast Highly Migratory Species (HMS FMP).83 FR 19981
201818/04/13California Drift Gillnet Fishery; Implementation of a Federal Limited Entry Drift Gillnet Permit83 FR 11146
201515/08/05Revision to Prohibited Species Regulations80 FR 46519
201515/07/30Recreational Fishing Restrictions for Pacific Bluefin Tuna80 FR 44887
201414/N/AControl Date for Large-Mesh Drift Gillnet Limited Entry Program79 FR 64161
201212/04/18Swordfish Retention Limits77 FR 15973
201111/10/13Annual Catch Limits and Accountability Measures76 FR 56327
200909/09/29Collection of a permit fee for vessel owners participating in commercial and charter recreational fishing for highly migratory species (HMS) in the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) off the West Coast of California, Oregon, and Washington.74 FR 37177
20070711/14Daily bag limits for sport-caught albacore tuna (Thunnus alalunga) and bluefin tuna (Thunnus orientalis) in the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) off California 72 FR 58258
200707/09/05Amend vessel identification regulations of the Fishery Management Plan (FMP) for U.S. West Coast Fisheries for Highly Migratory Species (HMS)72 FR 43563
200707/06/08Amend text in the regulations governing closures of the drift gillnet fishery in the Pacific Loggerhead Conservation Area during El Nino events72 FR 31756
200707/04/11Revise the method for renewing and replacing permits issued under the Fishery Management Plan (FMP) for U.S. West Coast Fisheries for Highly Migratory Species (HMS)72 FR 10935
200404/05/07Implement the approved portions of the Fishery Management Plan for U.S. West Coast Fisheries for Highly Migratory Species (FMP)69 FR 18443

International management

Regional fishery management organizations (RFMOs)  are responsible for the conservation and management of fisheries for tunas and other species taken by tuna-fishing vessels both outside and within areas of national jurisdiction.  These organizations agree to  measures, usually by consensus, which are implemented by member countries for their flag vessels.  In the Pacific Ocean the Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission (IATTC) and the Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission (WCPFC) establish measures within their respective Convention Areas, as illustrated in the figure below.  Notice that there is an area of overlap between the two Convention areas in the South Pacific.

Tuna RFMOs

West Coast fisheries are more directly affected by IATTC measures since vessels mostly fish within that Convention Area.  However, the WCPFC is especially active in managing northern stocks (those predominately occurring north of 20° North latitude). In the case of Pacific bluefin tuna and North Pacific albacore, tuna scientists recognize a single North Pacific stock occurring in both convention areas.  Furthermore, under domestic law the Chair of the Pacific Council, or his or her designee, is allocated a spot as a Commissioner for the United States Section to the WCPFC.  This provides a direct advisory role for the Pacific Council in policies and proposals that the U.S. may advocate in the WCPFC.  The Council frequently provides advice to U.S. delegations to these RFMOs and Council staff attends their meetings.

IATTC and WCPFC outcomes

Resolutions adopted at the 94th meeting of the IATTC (July 22-26, 2019)

Resolutions and Conservation measures adopted at the sixteenth regular session of the Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission (December 5-11, 2019)

  • CMM 2019-01 Cooperating Non-Members
  • CMM 2019-02 Pacific Bluefin
  • CMM 2019-03 North Pacific Albacore
  • CMM 2019-04 Sharks (effective on November 1, 2020, replaces CMM 2010-07, 2011-04, 2012-04, 2013-08, and 2014-05; shall not apply to Indonesia before November 1, 2021)
  • CMM 2019-05 Mobulid Rays caught in association with fisheries in the WCPFC Convention Area (effective January 1, 2021)
  • CMM 2019-06 Compliance Monitoring Scheme
  • CMM 2019-07 WCPFC IUU Vessel List
  • CMM 2019-08 Charter Notification Scheme.
  • Resolution 2019-01 Climate Change as it relates to the Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission

Regulations for international HMS fisheries and related activities in the Pacific

YearEffective Date (Y/M/D)RegionTitleCitation
202020/06/17EPOFishing Restrictions for Silky Shark, Fish Aggregating Devices, and Observer Safety in the Eastern Pacific Ocean85 FR 29666
201920/01/21EPOProcedures for the Active and Inactive Vessel Register84 FR 70040
201919/10/09WCPOClosure of Purse Seine Fishery in the ELAPS in 201984 FR 52035
201919/07/31WCPOFishing Restrictions in Purse Seine Fisheries84 FR 37145
201919/05/08EPO 2019 and 2020 Commercial Fishing Restrictions for Pacific Bluefin Tuna in the Eastern Pacific Ocean84 FR 18409
201819/01/07EPOFishing Restrictions for Fish Aggregating Devices in the Eastern Pacific Ocean83 FR 62732
201818/09/18WCPOClosure of Purse Seine Fishery on the High Seas in 201883 FR 45849
201818/07/18WCPOFishing Limits in Purse Seine and Longline Fisheries, Restrictions on the Use of Fish Aggregating Devices in Purse Seine Fisheries, and Transshipment Prohibitions83 FR 33851
201819/01/01EPOFishing Restrictions for Tropical Tuna in the Eastern Pacific Ocean for 2018 to 202083 FR 15503
201818/04/27EPORevised 2018 Commercial Fishing Restrictions for Pacific Bluefin Tuna in the Eastern Pacific Ocean; 2018 Catch Limit83 FR 13203
201718/01/01EPORestrictions on Fishing for Sharks in the Eastern Pacific Ocean82 FR 56177
201717/09/29EPORevised 2017 Fishing Restrictions for Tropical Tuna in the Eastern Pacific Ocean82 FR 45514
201717/09/08EPO2017 Bigeye Tuna Longline Fishery Closure in the Eastern Pacific Ocean82 FR 41562
201717/08/27EPO2017 Commercial Pacific Bluefin Tuna Fishery Closure in the Eastern Pacific Ocean82 FR 40720
201717/05/22EPO2017 and 2018 Commercial Fishing Restrictions for Pacific Bluefin Tuna in the Eastern Pacific Ocean82 FR 18704
201717/05/11EPOFishing Restrictions for Tropical Tuna in the Eastern Pacific Ocean82 FR 17382
201617/01/01EPOSilky Shark Fishing Restrictions and Fish Aggregating Device Data Collection and Identification81 FR 86966
201616/08/01EPOFishing Restrictions Regarding Mobulid Rays81 FR 50401
201616/07/25EPO2016 Bigeye Tuna Longline Fishery Closure in the Eastern Pacific Ocea81 FR 46614
201616/07/15WCPO2016 Bigeye Tuna Longline Fishery Closure81 FR 45982
201616/07/25WCPOPurse Seine Observer Requirements, and Fishing Restrictions and Limits in Purse Seine and Longline Fisheries for 2016-201781 FR 41239
201616/06/16EPOResponse to Petition for Rulemaking81 FR 39213
201616/06/06EPOAmend Regulations Implementing Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission Resolution C-02-0381 FR 36183
201616/05/25WCPOFishing Effort Limits in Purse Seine Fisheries for 201681 FR 33147
201616/05/26EPO/WCPOFishing Restrictions for the Area of Overlap Between the Convention Areas of the Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission and the Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission81 FR 24501
201616/02/14EPO2016 Commercial Pacific Bluefin Tuna Catch Limit in the Eastern Pacific Ocean81 FR 2110
201616/02/13EPOVessel Register Required Information, International Maritime Organization Numbering Scheme81 FR 1878
210516/01/14High Seas Fishing Compliance Act; Permitting and Monitoring of U.S. High Seas Fishing Vessels80 FR 62488
210516/01/01EPOEstablishment of Tuna Vessel Monitoring System in the Eastern Pacific Ocean80 FR 60533
210515/11/30WCPOFishing Effort and Catch Limits and Other Restrictions and Requirements80 FR 59037
210515/08/25WCPOPurse Seine Fishing Restrictions During Closure Periods80 FR 51478
210515/08/25WCPOFishing Effort Limits in Purse Seine Fisheries for 201580 FR 51476
210515/08/12EPO2015 Bigeye Tuna Longline Fishery Closure in the Eastern Pacific Ocean80 FR 46515
210515/07/23WCPOBigeye Tuna Catch Limits in Longline Fisheries for 201580 FR 43634
210515/07/09EPO2015 and 2016 Commercial Fishing Restrictions for Pacific Bluefin Tuna in the Eastern Pacific Ocean80 FR 38986
210515/06/15WCPOClosure of Purse Seine Fishery in the ELAPS in 201580 FR 32313
210515/05/21WCPOFishing Effort Limits in Purse Seine Fisheries for 201580 FR 29220
210515/03/23WCPOFishing Restrictions Regarding the Oceanic Whitetip Shark, the Whale Shark, and the Silky Shark80 FR 8807