Current HMS SAFE Report: International Management


International Management


Regional fishery management organizations (RFMOs)  are responsible for the conservation and management of fisheries for tunas and other species taken by tuna-fishing vessels both outside and within areas of national jurisdiction.  These organizations agree to  measures, usually by consensus, which are implemented by member countries for their flag vessels.  In the Pacific Ocean the Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission (IATTC) and the Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission (WCPFC) establish measures within their respective Convention Areas, as illustrated in the figure below.  Notice that there is an area of overlap between the two Convention areas in the South Pacific.

Tuna RFMOs

West Coast fisheries are more directly affected by IATTC measures since vessels mostly fish within that Convention Area.  However, the WCPFC is especially active in managing northern stocks (those predominately occurring north of 20° North latitude). In the case of Pacific bluefin tuna and North Pacific albacore, tuna scientists recognize a single North Pacific stock occurring in both convention areas.  Furthermore, under domestic law the Chair of the Pacific Council, or his or her designee, is allocated a spot as a Commissioner for the United States Section to the WCPFC.  This provides a direct advisory role for the Pacific Council in policies and proposals that the U.S. may advocate in the WCPFC.  The Council frequently provides advice to U.S. delegations to these RFMOs and Council staff attends their meetings.


2018 IATTC and WCPFC Outcomes

The Fifteenth Regular Session of the Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA, December 10-14, 2018. Provisional Outcomes Document.

Resolutions and Conservation measures adopted

  • Resolution 2018-01 on Labour Standards for Crew on Fishing Vessels
  • CMM 2018-01 Conservation and Management Measure for Bigeye, Yellowfin and Skipjack Tuna in the Western and Central Pacific Ocean
  • CMM 2018-02 Conservation and Management Measure for Pacific Bluefin tuna
  • CMM 2018-03 Conservation and Management Measure to Mitigate the Impact of Fishing for Highly Migratory Fish Stocks on Seabirds
  • CMM 2018-04 Conservation and Management Measure Regarding Conservation and Management of Sea Turtles
  • CMM 2018-05, Conservation and Management Measure for the Regional Observer Programme
  • CMM 2018-06 Conservation and Management Measure for WCPFC Record of Fishing Vessels and Authorisation to Fish
  • CMM 2018-07 Conservation and Management Measure for Compliance Monitoring Scheme

The 93rd IATTC meeting, August 24, 27-30, 2018, San Diego, California, USA.

Resolutions adopted: