Draft Five-Year-Review Page

Recently the Council reviewed its trawl catch share program and intersector allocations. The five-year review was required by the Magnuson-Stevens Act.

Both the catch share program (Amendment 20 to the groundfish fishery management plan) and intersector allocations (Amendment 21) were implemented in 2011.

Contact Information

Review Documents

Recent Activity

In June 2017, the Council approved the intersector allocation review; see the final document.

In November 2017, the Council approved the final catch share review document as presented at the meeting (Agenda Item F.2, Attachment 2Attachment 3Attachment 4, and Attachment 5) with some changes [link to relevant DD text].

See the entire catch share review timeline here (NEW).

Next Steps

The final review document is being edited and will be posted on this page when complete. The next review will begin in six years (2022).

Overview of Catch Share Program

The catch shared program included sector-specific catch share systems and individual allocations:

  • Shoreside Trawl Sector (all groundfish species, including whiting):
    • Manage with individual fishing quotas (IFQs).
    • Provide 90 percent of the initial allocation of nonwhiting IFQ to holders of vessel permits; AND set aside 10 percent of the initial allocation for an adaptive management program that may benefit processors and communities, among others.  (Note: To-date, the 10 percent set aside for adaptive management has been passed through to IFQ owners)
    • Provide 80 percent of the initial allocation of whiting IFQ to holders of vessel permits; AND provide 20 percent of the initial allocation of whiting to processors.
  • Mothership Trawl Sector (whiting and groundfish bycatch species):
    • Manage with a harvester co-op system and limited entry for mothership processors.
    • Assign catch history to catcher vessel permits and allocate to co-ops based on the catch history of the permits that join the co-op.
    • Require that vessels declare preseason the mothership processor for which they will fish in a coming year.
  • Catcher Processor Sector (whiting and groundfish bycatch species):
    • Create a permit endorsement to prevent expansion of the number of participants.
    • Allocate whiting and bycatch to the existing voluntary co-op.
    • Provide an IFQ program if the voluntary co-op fails (initially allocate IFQ equally among all permit holders).

IFQ for the shoreside fishery may not be delivered to at-sea processors, nor may quota allocated to the mothership or catcher-processor sectors be delivered shoreside.  The amount of allocation available for these sectors is determined through the intersector allocation process.

For a more detailed description of the trawl catch share program, see the Amendment 20 webpage, particularly Appendix D of the Amendment 20 draft environmental impact statement.

The Council has recommended a series of post-catch-share “trailing actions” to address issues that remained after the program was implemented. (See trawl trailing actions for more details).

Overview of Intersector Allocations

As part of implementing the catch share program, the Council reviewed intersector allocations of groundfish, including those established through Amendments 6 and 21 to the groundfish fishery management plan, and allocations of sablefish and whiting.

Amendment 21 concerned [created?] formal, long-term allocations of certain groundfish species to the limited entry trawl sectors. This reduced the need for trawl/nontrawl allocation action in each biennial specifications process, which were needed to support the catch share program and establish a trawl sector responsibility for bycatch.  These trawl/nontrawl allocations did not change formal allocations that were already in place for sablefish and Pacific whiting.

Amendment 6 (date) established allocations between the limited entry and open access sectors of the commercial groundfish fishery.  Other than allocations for sablefish, these allocations have not been used for many years due to constraints caused by overfished species.  Additionally, trawl/nontrawl allocations for some species continue to be set through the biennial specifications process.  For more detail on this amendment, see the Amendment 21 webpage. [Not clear how/whether these were changed during the intersector allocation process]

Background Documents and Public Hearing Materials

NMFS CATCH SHARE REVIEW POLICY DIRECTIVES

NMFS ALLOCATION POLICY DIRECTIVES

OTHER BACKGROUND MATERIALS