Fishery Management Plan and Amendments: Current Management Plan
The Pacific Coast Salmon Plan Fishery Management Plan, or salmon fishery management plan (FMP), guides management of salmon fisheries in Federal waters (3-200 nautical miles) off the coast of Washington, Oregon, and California. The FMP covers the coastwide aggregate of natural and hatchery salmon encountered in ocean salmon fisheries, but only has management objectives and allocation provisions for Chinook, coho, and pink salmon; other salmon species are encountered rarely in ocean fisheries. The FMP also includes identification of essential fish habitat (EFH) for Chinook, coho, and pink salmon in ocean, estuary, and freshwater, and contains recommendations for measures to avoid or mitigate for impacts to salmon EFH (see Appendix A), and a description of the social and economic fishery characteristics (see Appendix B).
The FMP includes conservation objectives and status determination criteria for major salmon stocks that ensure salmon populations are able to produce maximum sustained yield on a continuing basis and support fishing communities coastwide. The FMP contains allocation provisions to ensure that salmon resources are shared fairly among various user groups and regions. The FMP also contains a management framework that allows fishing seasons to be set and managed in a fair and efficient manner.